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   1990| April-June  | Volume 9 | Issue 4  
    Online since November 11, 2011

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Pharmaceutical investigations on salacia macrosperma-1
V Venkateswarlu, CK Kokate, G Peddanna, C Veeresham, D Rambhau
April-June 1990, 9(4):215-219
The chloroform, ethanol (95%) and aqueous extracts of roots of Salacia macrosperma (Hippocrataceae) were prepared by double maceration followed by vacuum evaporation. All the extracts were subjects to qualitative chemical tests to find out phytoconstituents present in them. The ethanolic extract showed significant hypoglycemic activity in fasted rabbits. The activity of ethanolic extract was also evaluated in alloxan induced hyperglycemic albino rats. It showed a mean blood sugar level reduction of 89.22 mg/100 ml which was significant when compared with mean variation in blood sugar levels of control group. Alcoholic and aqueous extracts were screened for their effect on both normal and hypodynamic isolated frog heart. Alcoholic extract showed considerable positive ionotropic activity and increased cardiac output without affecting heart rate both in normal and hypodynamic isolated frog heart.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  837 58 -
Calotropin - A novel compound for fertility control
RS Gupta, Nutan Sharma, VP Dixit
April-June 1990, 9(4):224-230
Calotropin isolated and characterized from the roots of Calotropis procera when administered to gerbils (25mg/kg b.wt) and rabbits (25mg; kg b.wt) each day for a period of 30 days inhibited the process of spermatogenesis. The population of spermatids was depleted by 65% and 94% in gerbils and rabbits. The seminiferous tubules and the Leydig cell nuclei diameters were reduced in both the species. The production of mature Leydig cells were decreased by 51.2% and 33.9% in gerbils and rabbits. The number of fibroblast like cells remain unchanged. Reduced protein, sialic acid, and glycogen contents of tests indicate dimished androgenesis. Abortifacient activity was also notived in female rats on the 12 th day of pregnancy. In conclusion, Calotropin was found to inhibit spermatogenesis in male and induced abortion in pregnant females.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  773 100 -
A comparative study on the immunological properties of breast milk and cow's milk - II
CP Saraswathy, Janabai Giri
April-June 1990, 9(4):209-211
This comparative study depicts the levels of immunoglobulins such as IgA and IgG in human breast milk samples with those of cow's milk samples. Immunoglobulins A and G were estimated by the method of Radial Immunodiffusion (RID). Experimental analysis showed that the level of Immunoglobulin A in breast milk samples were found to contain no traces of this antibody. IgG content in cow's milk (16.6 mg/dl) was higher than that of human milk (6.0mg/dl). It is clear that human milk is rich source of IgA, Early exposure through breast feeding is therefore obviously desirable.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  757 102 -
Gem therapy and epilepsy
S.R.N. Murthy, Raghuram Shenoy
April-June 1990, 9(4):185-190
The authors present in this paper the status of treatment and cause of epilepsy. They propose further research to be undertaken to document the data and a study of human magnetic aura followed by blood spectral studies. They have suggested that based upon these studies it should be possible to determine the cause of epilepsy and its treatment by the physical application of suitable precious and semi-previous stones followed by administration of Ayurvedic formulation.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  780 75 -
'Amrithapala' (Janakia arayalpatra, Joseph & Chandrasekharan), a new drug from the kani tribe of Kerala
P Pushpagadan, A Rajasekharan, PK Ratheeshkumar, CR Jawahar, K Radhakrishnan, C.P.R. Nair, L Sarada Amma, AV Bhatt
April-June 1990, 9(4):212-214
Amrithapala (Janakia arayalpatra), a rare and endemic plant species found in the Southern forests of Western Ghat region of kerala, is used by the local 'Kani' tribe as an effective remedy for peptic ulcer, cancer-like afflictions and as a rejuvenating tonic. Search made in Ayurvedic literature indicates that the plant may be the divine drug named variously as MRITHA SANJEEVINI (the drug that can revive unconscious or dead) or SANJEEVINI, THAMPRA RASAYANI in the Oushadha Nighantu (Dictionary of Medicinal Drugs) of Tayyil Kumaran Krishnan (1906)
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  769 55 -
Hypoglycemic effect of a few medicinal plants
KS Santoshkumari, KS Devi
April-June 1990, 9(4):221-223
Indigenous plants such as Ocimum Sancium, Aegle marmelos, Azadiracta indica, and Murraya koenigii decreased the blood sugar of streptozotocin diabetic rabbits. The most effective drug Aegle marmelos in different solvents showed different rate of hypoglycemic action. On feeding streptozotocin to diabetic rabbits for a period of 3 months aegle marmelos showed remarkable hypoglycemic action.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  767 54 -
Some endangered medicinal plants of Nepal
NP Manandhar
April-June 1990, 9(4):231-233
Forty-five endangered medicinal plants of Nepal are mentioned in this paper. Some recommendations for their preservation are also discussed here.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  724 60 -
A Brief Account Of The Fractions Of Soma
S Mahdihassan
April-June 1990, 9(4):207-208
Soma was originally Sauma as the Sanskrit form of the Avesta name Haoma. It is a loan word from the Chinese term, Hao-Ma, fire coloured hempior fibrous items like hemp and also coloured yellow with a tinge of brown. The Aryans as hunters took its juice as anti-fatigue drink. It was extolled as panacea and even as drink of longevity. The plant and its stalks were crushed between stones to produce juice. There arose different fractions and these have been given in a regular chart here.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  721 56 -
A comparitive study on concepts of circulation of blood
VN Pandey, Ayodhya Pandey
April-June 1990, 9(4):178-184
This study traces the progressively evolving concepts of blood circulation. Evidences from medical and non-medical Sanskrit literature have been presented to high the fact that the Ayurvedic concepts of physiology are time tested.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  706 47 -
Ayurvedic drugs in unani materia medica
M Ali
April-June 1990, 9(4):191-201
Nearly two hundred Ayurvedic drugs of plant origin have bee introduced in he Unani material medica, the names of most of the drugs have been adopted from Indian languages per se.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  679 57 -
Local health traditions: An introduction by A.V. Balasubramanian and Vaidya M. Radhika
CR Bijoy
April-June 1990, 9(4):234-235
Full text not available  [PDF]
  558 57 -
Clinical trial O fcertain ayurvedic medicines indicated in vitiligo
Donata , M Kesavan, Austin , KS Mohan, K Rajagopalan, Ramadasan Kuttan
April-June 1990, 9(4):202-206
Full text not available  [PDF]
  511 64 -